Canada is the world’s second largest country in terms of total area. It is a country with governance of the parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy of Queen Elizabeth II as its head of the state. It is also one of the wealthiest nations in the world with a very high per capita income and due to this there are people travelling to Canada for better opportunities.
The time period of Indians Immigrating to Canada can be dated around the start of the twentieth century. These were mostly Sikhs from Punjab and Sikh soldiers of the British Army who participated in the celebrations of Queen Victoria’s diamond jubilee in London. On the way back, they visited Canada which was sparsely populated and in a very likely situation of being taken over by the United States. Upon retirement these soldiers planned to try their fortunes in the Canadian borders itself. Here the Canadian government was quite willing them to settle down and so were the Indian people, themselves. They inhabited with other fellow Asians and found modest jobs such as that of watchmen or taxi drivers. Some also started their own small businesses. There were other Sikh people who followed the original settlers in Canada in terms of finding bigger chances of work. There were Sikh countrymen who even Immigrated to UK for a better economic lifestyle. Immigration to UK
took place because of family reasons as well.
The government of Canada changed its policy in the latter half of the twentieth century.
This was so because of the fear of job losses to the local Canadians. But, looking at the whole scenario, they made vital changes in the Indo-Canadian community. Today, Canada grants over 320,000 skilled migration visas each year. Immigration to Canada can be divided into a few broad categories which are as under:
· Skilled Workers and Professional Class of Immigration: They are selected as permanent residents on the parameters of their education background, professional experience and the ability to follow English or French as a language. There is also a criterion given to them to be able to economically survive in Canada.
· Quebec Selected Skilled Workers: In this particular class of immigration, Quebec has its own set of rules and requirements. Thus, a skilled worker who wants to go to Quebec has to apply separately for the process before the finalization for the citizenship for Canada takes place.
· Canadian Experience Class: This application process is simple as the applicant has prior exposure to living in a foreign country or in the Canadian society. A person applying in this category should have knowledge of English or French and a qualifying work experience.
· Investors, Entrepreneurs and Self-Employed People: Business immigrants need to have some relevant business experience and have to make Canadian $800,000 as an investment so as to manage the business. They should be able to support the development process of the Canadian economy. · Provincial Nominees: To become applicable for this category, applicants must be nominated by a Canadian Province. The people who immigrate in such a way have all the prerequisites that help in contributing immediately to the province that nominates them.
· Sponsoring your Family: One can get reunited with their family in Canada, if a permanent resident of the country sponsors a member from his/her family. The family members who are eligible for immigration are mentioned specifically in the particular brochures.